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Nigeria’s human rights record worse than average in sub-Saharan Africa – Report

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Nigeria’s human rights record is “very poor” and “worse than the average in sub-Saharan Africa”, according to a new report by an international organization.

The report was compiled and released on Wednesday by the Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI), a New Zealand-based organization that measures countries’ human rights performance.

The HRMI “Rights Tracker” is the first global report to assess the 13 different human rights contained in United Nations treaties for approximately 200 countries.

“Compared to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria is performing below average,” the report says, confirming what observers and rights advocates say about the Nigerian state’s human rights record. and the daily experience of Nigerians.

In the report, HRMI said Nigeria’s score on economic and social rights is in a “very poor” range.

The country obtained 54.6% for the right to food; 48.7% for the right to health; 35.7% for the right to housing and 32.0% for the right to work.

On all four rights, Nigeria performed less well than most countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

“There is no reason for any country to score so low,” HRMI said. “Not only are countries with a score below 75% not having the kinds of structures and policies in place that help people claim the right, but the structures and policies in place are very likely to prevent many people from claiming. their rights. »

HRMI researchers have adopted two different methods to assess a country’s performance; with the first benchmark being “adjusted income”.

Using the income-adjusted benchmark, the report compared countries with other countries at a similar income level, to gauge how effectively each country is using its available resources.

“The second benchmark is the “global test”. This benchmark assesses the performance of countries against the best performing countries at all resource levels,” the organization said, noting that “each assessment standard uses a set of indicators that are commonly available and most relevant. for these countries.

“Each country is assessed on both standards as far as information is available in international databases,” HRMI added.

“To measure Quality of Life – economic and social rights – we use data from international databases. Then we use econometric techniques to combine the data with each country’s income level, to produce a score,”

“The score, expressed as a percentage, shows how well a country is using its resources to produce good human rights results. Every country should be able to get closer to its 100% income-adjusted goal by improving policies and practices, even without more money.

Data for economic and social rights measures were taken from “the 2022 update of the international Economic and Social Rights Realization Index (SERF), which covers the period from 2007 to 2019”.

The report’s findings paint a picture at odds with the human rights record that the Nigerian government has repeatedly claimed to have improved.

On the right to health, the report ranked Nigeria 41st out of 42 countries it examined in sub-Saharan Africa; sitting just behind Equatorial Guinea.

On the right to food, Nigeria ranked 37th, ahead of Sudan, Niger, Angola, Equatorial Guinea and Burundi on the scale.

The country was also ranked 35th on the right to work, finishing ahead of Mali, Benin, Zambia, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi and Madagascar.

Along the same lines as last year’s report, the 2022 data highlights the seriousness of the Nigerian situation, reflected in the continuing concern of citizens and observers over impunity and the continuing disjunction between democratic transition and democratic standards. (PREMIUM TIME)