In line with the Biden-Harris administration’s commitment to strong re-engagement and leadership in multilateral institutions, the United States marked its second session at the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC). United Nations by actively advancing respect for and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. during the organization’s 50th ordinary session.
The United States supported the Council’s role in shining a spotlight on countries of concern, promoting accountability of governments and actors who violate human rights, and addressing human rights issues in the whole world.
Defend the human rights of LGBTQI+ people: The United States strongly supported the renewal of the mandate of the United Nations Independent Expert (IE) on protection from violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI). As a co-sponsor of the resolution, the United States worked successfully with partners to galvanize support for the renewal of the mandate for the next three years and to ensure the inclusion of new language on intersectionality; the decriminalization of consensual behavior between adults and persons of the same sex; and the importance of non-discrimination. The United States welcomes the official visit of SOGI IE to the United States in August.
Support the rights of women and girls: Through multiple resolutions, joint statements, interactive dialogues, and side events, the United States has strongly advocated for greater respect for the human rights and health of women and girls in all their diversity. The United States has co-sponsored resolutions focused on eliminating discrimination against women and girls and renewing the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women and girls, its causes and consequences. consequences. The Biden-Harris administration remains steadfastly committed to advancing and protecting sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) at home and abroad. SRHR is essential to health, gender equality and equity, and sustainable development, and is a central priority of US foreign policy.
Highlight human rights concerns in Afghanistan with an urgent debate: The United States, along with the international community, supported an urgent debate and resolution focused on the human rights of women and girls in Afghanistan. We are alarmed by the human rights violations in Afghanistan, often attributed to the Taliban, and we are troubled by the numerous restrictions on the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms by Afghan women and girls. The resolution will allow Afghan civil society to address the HRC directly at its September session.
Oppose the Open-Ended Commission of Inquiry (COI) on Israel: The United States led a joint statement on behalf of 22 countries (representing all UN regional groups) expressing deep concern over the unprecedented and unfettered IOC over the situation in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza.
Condemning the human rights situation in the People’s Republic of China (PRC): The United States was proud to be one of a record 47 countries to publicly condemn Beijing’s national human rights record via a Dutch-led joint statement expressing deep concern in the face of human rights violations in Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong.
Addressing the deteriorating human rights situation in Russia: The United States was one of 47 signatories to a strong European Union (EU) joint statement on the deteriorating human rights situation in Russia. This statement highlighted serious concerns about the arrest of peaceful protesters, political prisoners, including Alexei Navalny, the closure of civil society and the media, the particularly worrying situation in the Chechen Republic up to extrajudicial executions and disappearances forced, as well as discriminatory laws and policies, and practices against LGBTI people and members of minority religious groups.
Respect for the freedoms of peaceful assembly and association (FOAA): The United States was part of the core group that drafted the resolution renewing the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on FOAA. As a co-sponsor, the United States successfully lobbied for the resolution to include language encouraging states to support the participation of diverse civil society in United Nations forums, stressing the importance of ensuring access access to the Internet for all and calling on States to establish and maintain a secure environment. environment in which civil society can operate freely.
Promote and protect peaceful protests: The United States co-sponsored the resolution on the promotion and protection of human rights in the context of peaceful protests. This resolution urges states to facilitate peaceful protests by allowing protesters access to public space within sight and sound of their target audience and to promote a safe and conducive environment for individuals to exercise their rights. freedoms of peaceful assembly, expression and association, both online and offline.
Exposing violations and abuses in Belarus: The United States co-sponsored the EU-led resolution to extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on Belarus so that he can continue to expose the systemic and systematic violations and abuses of human rights by the regime of Lukashenko, including restrictions on the media and on freedom of expression and interference. with the work of journalists and civil society.
Addressing ongoing violations and abuses in Syria: As part of the core group, the United States supported a resolution addressing a range of ongoing human rights violations and abuses in Syria, particularly against women and girls, and including the issues arbitrarily detained and missing persons.
Renewal of the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya: The United States worked closely with Libya to renew the mandate of the Independent Fact Finding Mission (FFM) on Libya. The FFM will deliver its final report in March 2023.
Call for cooperation on the situation in Eritrea: The United States co-sponsored the EU-led resolution that successfully extended the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea. The resolution calls on the government to cooperate fully with the special rapporteur.
Ensuring the continuity of reporting on Sudan: As part of the core group, the United States helped draft and co-sponsored the resolution on the situation in Sudan, providing continued support to the Independent Expert (IE) on Sudan and ensuring that the mandate of ISIS remains , as well as human situation reporting requirements. human rights situation until the civilian-led government of Sudan is restored.
Co-sponsored resolutions: The United States co-sponsored more than half of the resolutions passed this session, including resolutions on SOGI, FOAA, freedom of expression and opinion, peaceful protest, elimination of all forms discrimination against women and girls, violence against women and girls, Internally displaced persons, independence and impartiality of the judiciary, with a focus on the participation of women , the situation of women and girls in Afghanistan, as well as the human rights situation in Belarus, Eritrea, Libya, Sudan and Syria.
Joint statements: In addition to leading the joint statement on the IOC on the situation in Israel and the West Bank and Gaza and signing the joint statements on the PRC and Russia, the United States also joined the joint statements on Sri Lanka and the United States. Ukraine (with special emphasis on Mariupol). The United States has also supported thematic joint statements focusing on SOGI, food security, special procedures, migrants, the responsibility to protect, women and girls in the context of atrocities, the importance of ensure stronger language on gender equality across all of HRC’s activities, water and extremes. poverty.
Through resolutions, joint statements, and interactive dialogues, the United States has advanced language to promote equity and inclusion, including for women and girls in all their diversity, displaced persons inside the country, LGBTQI+ people, people with disabilities, indigenous people, members of ethnic and religious groups. minority groups and members of other marginalized and vulnerable groups.
In addition, the United States participated in multiple interactive dialogues related to the human rights situation in Ukraine. We were also delighted to participate in the interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Racism, highlighting the Administration’s commitment to racial justice.
- The United States hosted three side events: one on conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) in different regions; one on the protection of minority ethnic and religious groups in Afghanistan; and one on FOAA.
- The United States also participated in several other side events focusing on SOGI, the human rights situation in Belarus, the fight against anti-Semitism, and an event to launch a study on CRSV in Ukraine, among others. .